Classical Orthodontics

There is a tendency to think that the orthodontic treatments are intended only for children and adolescents: although intervening on a malocclusion in childhood is undoubtedly the best alternative (since the bones have yet to develop fully and it is therefore easier to correct their shape), this does not mean that a orthodontic treatment in adulthood Is impossible, indeed; often even for adults to put braces on is recommended or even necessary under certain conditions.

Through theclassical orthodontics (known as "fixed appliance" or "brackets") you can Very effectively correct alignment defects of the teeth that cause functional impairments (speech, phonation, chewing, oral hygiene, etc.) but also cosmetic.

How does fixed orthodontics work?

L'fixed appliance consists of a series of platelets (brackets) that are made to adhere perfectly to the surface of the teeth: through them is then passed a orthodontic arch (consisting mainly of stainless steel) whose task is to apply pressure to the tooth root to change its position.

L'orthodontic arch is changed periodically depending on the intended treatment and results: initially the wire is thinner (to exert moderate pressure), and as the teeth begin to align, it is replaced by a larger-diameter arch, allowing for higher pressure.

What are aesthetic brackets?

Initially, brackets were metallic in color and this is how most people still think of fixed braces: however New materials are now being used that provide an excellent aesthetic result since the platelets are the same color as the teeth and, therefore, are less easily perceived.

This type of platelet is called "aesthetic bracket" and can be of different materials:

  • ceramics
  • zirconium
  • synthetic sapphire
  • polysulfone

These are. Completely safe materials with very high strength, thus suitable for even the longest orthodontic treatments.

In the case of having to put the fixed device the patient can choose what type of brackets he or she wants to use, metal ones or cosmetic ones: patients often opt for cosmetic brackets in the upper arch and metal ones in the lower arch (since the lower teeth remain more hidden than the upper teeth, which are more exposed when we speak or smile).

Does wearing fixed braces hurt?

The application of brackets to the surface of the teeth is not painful at all: In the first few weeks after starting treatment, it is normal to experience tooth discomfort, a sensation caused by the movement and adaptation of the mouth to the new situation.

Over time, this feeling will go away; likewise, some time is needed for the mouth to get used to the rubbing of the mucosa with the brackets: to minimize discomfort, a special clear wax can be applied to the plates, which greatly reduces friction.

What happens if a bracket falls off?

It is really unlikely that a plate will come off spontaneously since they are applied with a very strong glue: sometimes a bracket can come off as a result of a particularly strong external stimulus (a blow, a bump, etc.).

In this case it is necessary to Contact the dentist and make an appointment as soon as possible to reapply the bracket: it is necessary that they are all correctly positioned for the orthodontic arch to carry out its task.

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